Main Safety Requirements for Toys Entering EAEU Market
When accessing the EAEU market, toys manufacturers shall ensure that their products have been designed and produced in accordance with the requirements set out in the EAEU TR 008/2011 “On the Safety of Toys”. The technical regulations contain basic health and safety requirements that should be taken into consideration.
The compliance with the requirements of the EAEU TR 008/2011 is carried out with regard to:
Toys for children up to 3 years old should not contain natural fur, natural leather, glass, porcelain, and brushed materials (rubber, cardboard and paper). It is also not allowed to use recycled materials obtained as a result of recycling of used materials. For production of toys, it is only allowed to use the waste of its own production.
Physical and mechanical characteristics
Accessible edges, protrusions, cords, cables, and fastenings on toys must be designed and manufactured in such a way that the risks of physical injury from contact with them are reduced as far as possible.
With regards to physical factors, it is necessary to check the sound level, level of electrostatic field intensity, level of electromagnetic field intensity in the radio frequency range, level of electric field intensity, level of intensity of the infrared radiation flux, level of local vibration, specific effective activity of natural radionuclides. Everything should comply with the characteristics listed in the EAEU TR 008/2011.
Organoleptic parameters (scent, taste)
The intensity of the scent of toys in natural conditions and water extract should not exceed 1 score in toys intended for children under 1 year old, 2 scores for children over 1 year. The intensity of the scent of the sample and the water extract of toys for children over 3 years old should not exceed 2 scores as well.
Toys intended for children under 3 years and toys that come into contact with the oral cavity, should not have intensity of taste more than 1 score.
Toys must not be explosive or contain elements or substances likely to explode when used together.
The effective specific activity of natural radioactive nuclides of the toys made from natural materials should be in compliance with the hygienic safety requirements according to the EAEU TR 008/2011.
The level of migration and the release of harmful chemicals from toys must comply with the hygienic safety requirements indicated in the EAEU TR 008/2011
In electric toys, the rated voltage should not exceed 24V. Parts of toys that are in contact with or capable of contact with a source of electrical energy as well as cables and wires must be insulated and mechanically protected to eliminate the risk of electric shock.
Toxicological and hygienic measurements
Toys intended for children under 3 years old, as well as toys functionally in contact with the baby’s oral cavity, should not irritate mucous membranes.
Toys should not have a local skin-irritating effect or toxicity index of toys, determined in the aquatic environment (distilled medium) should be in the range 70% - 120%, in air - 80% - 120%.
The loose magnets and magnetic elements of toys should have a calculated magnetic flux index that not exceed 0.5 T2 mm2 or such dimensions that prevents entry into the respiratory tract and ingestion.
Packaging must be safe and eliminate the risk associated with choking a child. A toy must have consumer and (or) group packaging. If the packaging in which the toy is sold is also intended for the use, then it is considered as an integral part of the toy. The scope of the packaging is determined by the manufacturer.
Label of toys must be reliable, verifiable, legible, and accessible for inspection and identification. It should contain the following information:
name of the toy
name of the country where it is made
the name and location of the manufacturer (authorized by the manufacturer), importer, and contact information
trademark of the manufacturer (if available)
minimum age of the child for whom the toy is intended
basic construction material (for children up to 3 years) (if necessary)
ways to care for a toy (if necessary)
date of manufacturing (month, year)
service life or shelf life (when established)
storage conditions (if necessary)
So, when all the requirements are fulfilled and the relevant document that proves compliance with the EAEU requirements is received, it is possible to affix a single conformity mark for all products accessing the EAEU market.
The information has been prepared by the GMA Consult Group team.
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