Japan Market Access for Electrical and R&TT Products
Market approval (licence) for Radio/Telecom products in Japan is a mandatory requirement. It is granted by the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications (MIC) on the basis of the Japanese Radio Law and the Japanese Telecommunication Business Law.
The MIC appointed Registered Certification Bodies (RCB) for Radio/Telecom equipment certification. The RCB has the authority to process a customer’s application for certification on behalf of the MIC and to issue a certificate after successful testing. According to Japanese technical requirements testing may be conducted by properly recognized laboratories around the world.
Manufacturers who want to sell their products in Japan are required to certify their devices in accordance with the requirements of the Radio Law and the Telecommunication Business Law and Ordinances. The exact certification process for marketing approval in Japan depends on the device itself and the technologies and interfaces used.
The Radio Law covers all products which contain radio technology and emit electromagnetic waves. These products are specified in MPT Ordinance 37:
Specified Radio Equipment (SRE). Specified radio equipment means the radio equipment used for small-scale radio stations specified in the Ordinance of Technical Regulations Conformity Certification of Specified Radio Equipment, such as: Bluetooth, Wi-Fi, LTE, GSM, ZigBee, Wireless mics, RFID (2.4GHz, 920 MHz), Telemeters, Pagers, UWB radio systems, etc.
Special Specified Radio Equipment: digital cordless telephone terminals, Cellular telephone terminals, WiMAX, etc.
The full list is available here.
Most SRE must obtain third-party certification by an MIC-designated RCB. In general, consumer-operated radio equipment is categorized as SRE. However, some SRE are defined as Special Specified Radio Equipment (SSRE). These products must still be tested for compliance but are subject to a simplified procedure of self-declaration and registration with the MIC.
High-Frequency Devices (HFD): IH cooking equipment, microwaves, electrodeless discharge lamps, welders, RFID (13.56 MHz), ultrasonic devices, PLCs, other equipment over 10 kHz (including ISM, such as MRI machines, plasma devices, etc.).
Most of these products must be tested for compliance and registered by a local Japanese company with the relevant regional branch of the MIC before they can be placed on the market.
Extremely Low-Power Devices are license-exempt and do not require certification. However, compliance with the Radio Law’s interference requirements is mandatory.
The Radio Law specifies following equipment approval systems:
Specified Radio Equipment must obtain either Type Certification (also known as “Construction Design Certification”) or Batch Certification (also known as “Test Certification” or “Technical Standard Conformity Certification”).
High-Frequency Devices (HFDs) are subject to three types of Suppliers' Declaration of Conformity (SDoC):
- Specification of Type
- Confirmation of Type
- Authorization for Use
The applicable SDoC process is determined by the type of equipment. “Authorization for Use” has no marking requirements and test reports are not generally submitted to MIC. “Specification of Type” and “Confirmation of Type” require submission of test reports and affixing a label with the relevant approval number. Products subject to HFD approval may also be subject to EMC and safety testing under the PSE Mark.
The Telecommunication Business Law applies separately from an approval under the Radio Law.
The terminals meet the technical requirements of the Telecommunications Business Law and is attached with the certification mark (Giteki Mark) can be connected to the network.
The following products are in scope of the Telecommunication Business Law:
Terminal equipment that connects to analog telephone networks or mobile telephone networks
Terminal equipment that connects to radio paging networks
Terminal equipment that connects to ISDN
Terminal equipment that connects to leased networks or digital data transmission networks
Terminal equipment that connects to internet protocol telephone networks
Terminal equipment that connects to internet protocol mobile telephone networks
Terminal equipment that connects to internet protocol mobile telephone networks
Terminal equipment that connects to mobile telephone networks
Terminal equipment that connects to other telecommunications
Terminal equipment that connects to leased networks
Terminal equipment that connects to internet protocol telephone networks
The Telecommunication Business Law specifies following equipment approval schemes:
The Technical Standard Conformity Certification by RCB
Construction Design Certification (Type Certification) by RCB
Self-control of satisfaction of technical standards by the manufacturer or importer to ensure that the terminal equipment comply with the technical conditions established by the MIC
Safety approval in Japan is based on the Electrical Appliance and Material Safety Act (DEN-AN Law), the Consumer Product Safety Act, and the Household Goods Quality Labelling Act.
Japanese Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) is a regulatory body for mandatory safety certification and labelling requirements.
1. Product Safety Electrical (PSE) approval is based on DEN-AN Law.
The METI appointed Certification Assessment Bodies (CAB) for PSE certification.
At the moment, the DEN-AN Law specifies about 450 items of the electrical appliances and materials, which must comply with the DEN-AN Law or international IEC Standard with Japanese deviations (under CB Scheme).
METI-designated electrical products fall into two categories:
1.Specified electrical product (116 items are designated as SEP, as they specially call for regulations for safety reasons). These products need to pass conformance testing with a Registered CAB before the manufacturer or importer must affix the Diamond PSE Mark on the product.
The list of Specified Electrical Appliances and Materials could be found here.
2.Non-specified electrical product (341 items). Manufacturers and importers of these products can self-declare conformity by testing to DEN-AN’s technical requirements at the manufacturing stage and keeping a copy of the test report as well as apply the Circle PSE Mark to the products.
The list of Non-Specified Electrical Appliances and Materials could be found here.
Importers have certain obligations:
Submit an official notification to the METI
Confirm compliance with Technical Requirements and conduct self-inspection
Domestic importers can apply conformity assessment to Registered CAB and obtain Certificate of Conformity for Specified Electrical Appliances and Materials (SEP)
Foreign manufacturers can apply assessment equivalent to conformity assessment and obtain/keep an official copy of “the equivalent of a certificate”
Affix the PSE mark
The PSE Mark is a mandatory mark in Japan according to the Electrical Appliance and Material Safety Act (DEN-AN Law). It is administered by the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI).
2. The Consumer Product Safety Act.
As part of the market approval in Japan, manufacturers must also comply with the requirements based on the Long-term Use Consumer Product Safety Inspection System established by the Consumer Product Safety Act for Long-Term Product Use (Consumer products):
The manufacturers or importers of the "Special Specified Products" must complete a notification process, undergo an assessment by an organization registered by the METI (registered CAB), obtain the certificate, and keep the certificate
Indicate “The standard period of use” (standard period a product can be used safely) was established as a guideline for the safe use
Report product accidents (for major accidents involving consumer products, such as fire or fatal injury, the importer or manufacturer of the product involved must submit an accident report to the Japanese government)
Affix the Consumer Product Safety Mark (PSC mark) on the product.
There are two kinds of regulated products:
"Specified Products" which require self-verification
"Special Specified Products" which require third-party assessment.
3. The Household Goods Quality Labelling Act.
17 electrical appliances (such as washing machines, electric blankets, vacuum cleaners, refrigerators, ventilation fan, air conditioners, etc.) are subject to the Household Goods Quality Labelling Act and must be labeled in accordance with the Quality Labelling Standards for Electrical Appliances.
As part of the market approval in Japan, manufacturers can also comply with the Ministry of Information and Communications Council (MIC) requirements for electromagnetic compatibility (EMC).
The Japan Voluntary Control Council for Interference (VCCI) by Information Technology Equipment (ITE) is managed under the MIC. Under this authority, the VCCI drafts, publishes, and approves Japanese Technical EMC Standards on limits and methods of measurement of electromagnetic interference that is caused by information technology equipment based on the CISPR recommendations.
The mission of the VCCI is to support the voluntary control of radio disturbances which are emitted from ITE, and also to encourage the improvement of immunity from radio disturbances for ITE to protect the interests of Japanese consumers.
The Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) is responsible for designing the energy conservation policies of the economy. Within METI, the Agency for Natural Resources and Energy (ANRE) is in charge of securing stable supply of energy, promoting efficient energy use, and regulating electricity and other energy industries.
The Japanese Energy Conservation Law ("Law Concerning the Rational Use of Energy") has established the “Top Runner Program” (the Program) is a requirement imposed on manufacturers of machinery, equipment, and other items. This is Japan’s main program to improve energy efficiency of energy-consuming products, which encourages competition among companies by setting the efficiency targets for the next 3 to 10 years. The Program is mandatory for companies (manufacturers and importers of specified products), to fulfill the efficiency targets by the targeted years. Manufacturers are required to achieve such targets (by a weighted average method) for all of their products per category for each predetermined target year.
This Program initially covered 11 items in 1998, and expanded to 31 items. In the future, the Top Runner standards will be reviewed for further expansion of the number of product items. Now the target products are: passenger vehicles, freight vehicles, air conditioners, electric refrigerators, electric freezers, electric rice cookers, microwave ovens, lighting equipment, electric toilet seats, TV sets, video cassette recorders, DVD recorders, computers, magnetic disk units, copying machines, space heaters, gas cooking appliances, gas water heaters, oil water heaters, vending machines, transformers, routers, switching units, AC motors, LED lamps, sashes(window), multi-paned glazings, multi-function devices, printers, electric water heaters (heat pump) and insulation materials.
According to the Energy Conservation Law, energy efficiency labeling of designated products is mandatory. The label has to contain the product name, model, energy consumption efficiency ratio, and power/fuel consumption.
In this case the label does not require presentation of energy consumption performance parameters for product as a relative comparison with other products but an achievement rate in relation to the Top Runner target. The labels affixed to the products indicate the achievement ratio of the energy efficiency and conservation standards. The label includes an expected electricity bill and a 5-star rating to represent the relative position of a product in the market with respect to energy-saving performance.
There two types of label:
The Energy Saving Label is a labelling program for manufactures to indicate energy-saving performance under the “Top Runner Program”. This label is displayed in the brochure or product itself.
This program is covering 21 categories of products: air conditioners, lighting equipment for fluorescent lamp(s), TV sets, electric refrigerators, electric freezers, space heaters, gas cooking appliances, gas water heaters, oil water heaters, electric toilet seats, computers, magnetic disk units, transformers later followed, microwave ovens, electric rice cookers, DVD routers and switching units, electric water heaters, self-ballasted LED lamps, AC motors.
The Uniform Energy Saving Label, another labelling program that applies to retailers, is a multistage rating scheme of energy-saving performance based on an achievement ratio under the Top Runner Program. This Program is covering six categories of products (air conditioners, TVs, electric refrigerators, electric freezers, electric toilet seats, and lighting equipment for fluorescent lamps). The Simplified Uniform Energy Saving Label is displayed for other 10 products that are not covered by the Uniform Energy Saving Label.
Example of the Energy Saving Label:
Example of the Uniform Energy Saving Label:
As part of the market approval for Japan, manufacturers of office equipment can also comply with the International Energy Star Program (ENERGY STAR). This is the international energy saving system for office equipment, such as computers, displays, printers, facsimiles, copiers, scanners, MFPs, digital printers, computer servers.
The International Energy Star Program in Japan has been working since October 1995 under an agreement between the two governments. This program is a voluntary registration system.
Example of Energy Star label:
According to the Japan RoHS, manufactures and importers of the 7 specified products shall comply with the Law for Promotion of Effective Utilization of Resources in Japan (Japanese Recycling Law) and mandatory Japan’s Industrial Standard JIS C 0950: The Marking for presence of the specific chemical substances for electronic equipment (J-MOSS). They are also obliged to mark the presence of 6 hazardous substances in certain types of electrical and electronic products.
Japan's Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) is a regulatory body for RoHS.
The following 7 types of products are within the scope of Japan RoHS:
Unit-type air conditioners
Japan RoHS restricts following 6 hazardous substances with their concentration limits:
Cadmium(Cd) and its compounds: 0.01%;
Mercury and its compounds: 0.1%;
Lead(Pb) and its compounds : 0.1%;
Hexavalent chromium (Cr6+) and its compounds: 0.1%;
Polybrominated biphenyls (PBB): 0.1 %;
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE): 0.1 %.
Depending on whether the content of 6 hazardous substances exceeds above concentration limits or not, a product shall be marked with an orange "R" mark or a green "G" mark. If the content of one substance in a product exceeds concentration limit, it must be disclosed on the website in Japanese in accordance with JIS.
The information has been prepared by the GMA Consult Group team.
GMA Consult Group provides a full cycle of international type approval and global market access services for IT, Telecom and industrial electrical products in all countries throughout the world. With proven expertise in worldwide regulations, compliance, certification, and conformity assessment, GMA Consult Group can help your company speed up the access to any market with almost zero efforts from your side.
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