Singapore Market Access for Electrical and R&TT Products

October 8, 2019

 

Telecom approval

 

Telecommunication and radiocommunication equipment to be sold in Singapore is subject to equipment registration with the Infocommunications Media Development Authority of Singapore (IMDA). Prior to registering the equipment with IMDA, the equipment must comply with the relevant IMDA Standards/Technical Specifications.

 

Equipment registration is a process when telecom equipment is documented with the IMDA based on the submission of the Supplier's Declaration of Conformity (SDoC). The SDoC signifies that the supplier has carried out conformity assessment according to IMDA's Standards. The declaration should be based on a certification or tests of the equipment by a local or foreign body recognised by IMDA.

 

There are five types of applications depending on the registration schemes and equipment types:

 

  • Enhanced Simplified Equipment Registration (ESER) – Self-declaration

  • Simplified Equipment Registration (SER) – Self-declaration

  • General Equipment Registration (GER) – Declaration certified by an IMDA recognised Certification Body (CB) or declaration evaluated by IMDA. GER application is also optional for equipment categories that falls under the SER/ESER scheme but subject to registration fees under the GER scheme.

  • General Equipment Registration by Certification Bodies (GER-CB). GER-CB is applicable only to an authorised CB applicant under MRA Phase II for IMDA recognised Certification Bodies to register all types of the equipment.

  • Application for Confirmation of Conformity (COFC). COFC is voluntary for telecommunication equipment under which no approval for sale is required (equipment exempted from registration), e.g. Facsimile Transceivers. 

 

IMDA accepts test reports, which present test results of equipment testing done according to IMDA's Standards by:

 

1. testing labs recognised by IMDA under a phase I mutual recognition arrangement

2. testing labs accredited by accreditation bodies recognised by IMDA

3. equipment manufacturers

 

IMDA also accepts equipment certification by local or foreign certification bodies recognised by IMDA under a phase II mutual recognition arrangement.

 

Equipment categories which can be registered under the ESER Scheme:

 

  • Short range/low power devices (SRD/LPD) e.g. alarms, RFID, radio-detection, on-site paging and vehicle radar systems, remote controls, telecommand, telemetry, wireless microphones and video transmitters, wireless LAN and Bluetooth

  • DECT Cordless Telephones, Portable mobile radio (PMR446) and multi-channel portable radio (MCR446) at less than 500 mW

  • DVB-T2 Integrated Receiver Decoders (e.g. DVB-T2 Set-top box, Integrated Digital TV, In-vehicle receivers)

  • Complex multi-line equipment (e.g. PABX, KTS, ISDN, PABX, PSTN, PLC)

   

Mandatory equipment categories under the SER Scheme:

 

  • Mobile Terminals e.g. 3G/LTE/GMPCS mobile phones

  • Broadband Access Equipment  e.g. ADSL, Cable Modems and CCHN equipment

 

Mandatory equipment categories under the GER Scheme:

 

  • Mobile/IoT Base Stations/Repeater Systems, Landmobile Radio/walkie-talkie, TV White Space devices, UWB, DSRC, IoT User Equipment and Short-Range Devices where the operation requires IMDA’s approval

 

Foreign manufacturers need to have a local dealer. Applicants applying for equipment registration must be local equipment suppliers/dealers that hold valid Telecommunication Dealer’s Licence (Class or Individual) with IMDA.

 

Separate written approvals should be obtained from IMDA for the assignment of the operating frequency and the output power for the use with any registered radiocommunication equipment.

 

All applications for product registration now need to be performed through the LicenceOne Portal.

 

Products must be marked with following compliance label:

 

As an alternative to affixing the compliance label, a licensee may implement electronic compliance labelling. Electronic compliance labelling may be implemented by displaying the compliance label on the equipment’s built-in display screen or by including the compliance label in the equipment softcopy instruction manual.

 

The telecommunication equipment must also be marked with supplier/manufacturer’s brand or the identification mark, and supplier/manufacturer’s model or type reference. The markings must be legible, indelible, and visible.

 

 

Safety requirements

 

The Enterprise Singapore is appointed by the Ministry of Trade and Industry (MTI) as the Safety Authority to administer the Singapore Consumer Protection (Safety Requirements) Registration Scheme (CPS Scheme), under the Consumer Protection (Safety Requirements) Regulations (CPSR). 

 

The CPSR requires 33 categories of household products, also known as “Controlled Goods”.

 

These products need to be:

 

  • registered with Enterprise Singapore

  • tested according to specified safety standards

  • affixed with the Safety Mark before they can be sold in Singapore

 

The Enterprise Singapore also registers the suppliers of Controlled Goods, appoints third-party Conformity Assessment Bodies (CABs) to carry out product testing, ensures compliance with specified safety standards, conducts market surveillance, and investigates accidents, incidents or feedback relating to the safety of Controlled Goods

 

Registration of “Controlled Goods” under the CPSR is based on:

 

  • Certificate of Conformity issued by designated third-party Conformity Assessment Bodies (CABs) for Controlled Goods that fall into the medium- and high-risk categories. The CoC must then be submitted to Enterprise Singapore for registration.

  • Supplier’s Declaration of Conformity (SDoC) declared by Registered Suppliers for low-risk Controlled Goods.

 

The Controlled Goods were categorised into three risk levels - Low, Medium or High:

  • Room air-conditioners (low risk)

  • Audio and video products (medium risk)

  • AC adaptors (medium risk)

  • Home computer systems (including monitors, printers, speakers and other mains operated accessories) (medium risk)

  • Washing machines (medium risk)

  • Water heaters (high risk)

  • Refrigerators (high risk), etc.

 

Full list of Controlled Goods could be found here.

 

All Controlled Goods registered with the Safety Authority must bear the following Safety Mark before they can be supplied to the Singapore market: 

 

The mark consists of a “safety logo” and the words “SAFETY MARK” in a rectangle on the right. These goods can also be traced with a unique 8-digit registration number to the registrant and the registered models. 

 

Additionally besides the CPS Scheme, there is the Consumer Goods Safety Requirements (CGSR) under the Consumer Protection (Consumer Goods Safety Requirements) Regulations (CGSR) that aims to protect consumers from unsafe general consumer goods. 

 

The CGSR covers all consumer goods that don't fall under other regulations or regulatory agencies in Singapore. It is based on post-market surveillance and action. There is no requirement for pre-market testing, certification or approval from the Safety Authority.

 

Consumer goods covered by the CGSR must meet any of the following international safety standards: ISO, IEC, European Committee for Standardisation, ASTM International. Regional or national standards may also be accepted for consumer goods that do not have the applicable international safety standards.

 

Examples of electrical, electronic, and gas products that are not regulated by the CPS Scheme as Controlled Goods, but are covered as general consumer goods under CGSR:

 

  • Split air-conditioners

  • Clothes dryers

  • Massage chairs

  • Wine coolers

  • Dishwashers

  • Camping stoves

  • BBQ stoves

 

Energy Efficiency

 

The National Environment Agency (NEA) actively promotes energy efficiency in the industry, household, and public sectors through legislation, incentives, and public education.

 

Mandatory Energy Labeling (MELS) and Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) help improve the energy efficiency of a range of household appliances. 

 

Any importer and manufacturer that intends to supply any “Regulated Goods” in Singapore must apply to the NEA to be a “Registered Supplier”. 

 

The Registered Suppliers who import or manufacture the following Regulated Goods are required to register such goods with the NEA before they are supplied in Singapore:

 

  • Air-conditioners

  • Clothes Dryers

  • Lamps

  • Refrigerators

  • Televisions

  • Motors

 

The NEA has announced 4 enhancements to MELS and MEPS which will take effect from November 1, 2019:

 

  • Raising of MEPS for incandescent bulbs

  • Introduction of MEPS for fluorescent lamp ballasts

  • Introduction of MELS for other lamps types

  • Mandatory display of Energy Label in publicity materials

 

Registration shall be made online using the ELS Online Portal. Registered suppliers shall maintain a technical file for each registered model throughout the validity period of the Certificate of Registration (COR). The technical file must be in English.

 

The Energy Label shall be affixed only after the National Environment Agency (NEA) has issued the Certificate of Registration (COR) for the model.

 

Example of Energy Label for Air-conditioners, Refrigerators, Clothes Dryers, and Televisions:

 

Energy Label for Lamps:

 

 

RoHS

 

In August 2016, the Ministry of the Environment and Water Resources (MEWR) in Singapore published the amendment of the second schedule of the Environmental Protection and Management Act (known as Singapore RoHS or SG RoHS). 

SG-RoHS is adapted from EU Directive 2011/65/EU (RoHS 2) and restricts 6 hazardous substances in some electrical and electronic equipments (EEE):

 

  • Cadmium(Cd) and its compounds: 0.01% by weight

  • Mercury and its compounds: 0.1% by weight

  • Lead(Pb) and its compounds : 0.1% by weight

  • Hexavalent chromium (Cr6+) and its compounds: 0.1% by weight

  • Polybrominated biphenyls (PBB): 0.1 % by weight

  • Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE): 0.1 % by weight.

 

SG-RoHS is applicable to six categories of electrical and electronic equipment meant for local sale in Singapore:

 

  1. Mobile phones

  2. Portable computers

  3. Refrigerators

  4. Air conditioners

  5. Panel TVs

  6. Washing machines

 

Exemptions from the scope of the SG-RoHS are: 

 

  • Spare parts and components which are sold separately

  • Batteries and accumulators used in EEE, whether or not incorporated into appliances - Currently in Singapore, the mercury content in batteries is controlled under the Environmental Protection and Management Act (EPMA)

  • Used or second-hand EEE

  • Packaging used by the EEE

  • Other types of EEE such as industrial use equipment, medical devices, and microwaves

 

Before selling the affected products in Singapore, each local manufacturer or importer is required to submit a Declaration of Conformity (DoC) to the National Environmental Agency (NEA), as well as a Technical File that needs to be prepared and kept in accordance with EU BS EN 50581:2012 technical documentation for the assessment of electrical and electronic products with respect to the restriction of hazardous substances or the equivalent standard.

 

All parts and/or components integrated in the controlled finished EEE must comply with the stipulated maximum concentration limits mentioned above. Any company that wishes to import, export, sell, purchase, store or use hazardous substances which are controlled as hazardous substances under the Second Schedule of EPMA need to apply for a HS Licence/Permit from NEA-PCD.

 

Currently, batteries (including button cell) containing mercury that exceed the stipulated limit of 0.0005% (5ppm) by weight per cell are not allowed to be manufactured, imported or exported.

 

Fluorescent lamps containing mercury that exceed the above stipulated limits are not allowed to be imported for local use and distribution:

 

  • Mercury content exceeding 5 mg per hot cathode Compact Fluorescent Lamp (CFL)

  • Mercury content exceeding 10 mg per hot cathode linear/straight or circular fluorescent lamp

 

No special RoHS marking is required for labelling products for sale in Singapore.

The information has been prepared by the GMA Consult Group team. 

 

GMA Consult Group provides a full cycle of international type approval and global market access services for IT, Telecom and industrial electrical products in all countries throughout the world. With proven expertise in worldwide regulations, compliance, certification, and conformity assessment, GMA Consult Group can help your company speed up the access to any market with almost zero efforts from your side.

 

Need your own guide to the world of certification and approvals? Don't hesitate to contact us via info@gma.trade.

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