In this article, we will explore the situation with Energy Efficiency technical regulations in the GCC countries. But first, let’s figure out what the GCC means and how standardization activity is organized there.
The GCC is the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf known as the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC). It consists of six member-states:
the United Arab Emirates
The GCC Supreme Council established GCC Standardization Organization (GSO) in order to unify various standardization activities and develop the production and service sectors within the GCC market as well as to protect the consumer, environment, and public health.
Interesting fact is that the GSO consists of seven standardization bodies: six of them are the GCC member-states and the seventh standardization body is from Yemen and has been included into the GSO later.
The GSO worked out the time plan for the period of 2016-2020. The issuance of the GSO Technical Regulations for product categories was also developed and includes energy consumption products.
For now, only energy efficiency labelling and Minimum Energy Performance Standard (MEPS) requirements for the air conditioners are realized on the territory of the GCC. However, it is worth mentioning that along with GSO standards national standards are also established and valid in the GCC countries.
Thus, for example the GSO standard for air conditioners is valid only in Oman and other GCC members still use their own regulations as indicated below:
On the other hand, each GCC country member has national regulations with regards to energy efficiency label or MEPs requirements to other categories of electrical products or now on the way of implementation of such requirements.
Thus, in October 2019 the Omani Authority for Electricity Regulation started the consultation in order to review the draft specifications of four types of energy-efficient electrical appliances to be issued as national standards for Oman.
The following energy efficiency standards now are in consideration:
SASO-2870/2018 Energy Efficiency, Functionality and Labeling Requirements for Lighting Products - Part 1
SASO-2884- AMD2-2018 Water Heaters - Energy Performance Requirements and Labeling
SASO-2885/2018 Electrical Clothes Washing Machines - Energy and Water Performance Requirements and Labelling
SASO-2892- AMD1-2018 - Refrigerators, Refrigerators-freezers and Freezers. Energy performance, testing and labelling requirements The draft standard versions will be issued for national public consultation and then for other stakeholders. The consultant will be required to consider all possible modifications and produce a final version that will be issued as a national Omani standard.
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia already has technical regulations for the following categories of products:
Refrigerators - SASO-2892- AMD1-2018
Washing machines - SASO-2885/2018
Lightning products - SASO 2902/2018 and SASO 2870/2018
Clothes dryers - SASO 2883:2017
Water heaters - SASO 2884: AMD2-2018
The United Arab Emirates has already implemented the following standards:
UAE.S 5010-1- 2016 Labelling – EE label for electrical appliances – Part 1: Household Air Conditioners
UAE.S 5010-2-2013 Labelling – EE label for electrical appliances – Part 2: Washing Machines and Dryers
UAE.S 5010-3-2013 Labelling – EE label for electrical appliances – Part 3: Household Refrigerating appliances
UAE.S 5010-4:2014 Labelling – EE label for electrical appliances – Part 4: Storage Water Heaters
UAE.S 5010-5:2016 Labelling – EE label for electrical appliances – Part 5: Commercial and Central Air Conditioners
UAE.S 5010-6:2016 EE label for electrical appliances – Part 6: Dishwashers
UAE.S 5010-8:2019 “Labeling – Energy Efficiency Label for Electrical Appliances – Part 8: Television Sets”
Apart from Energy Labelling And Minimum Energy Performance Requirements for Air Conditioners in Kuwait there are standards applicable to:
KWS GSO IEC 60364-8-1:2017 - Low-voltage electrical installations – Part 8-1: Energy efficiency
KWS GSO IEC 62552-3:2017 - Household refrigerating appliances - Characteristics and test methods - Part 3: Energy consumption and volume
All these GCC countries, including Bahrain and Qatar have their National Energy Efficiency Action Plans and Programs that are focused on the energy efficiency improvements and set of initiatives to achieve the target and unlock energy efficiency potential.