New Zealand Market Access for Electrical and R&TT Products
In order to access the market of New Zealand, products must get all the required approvals established by the government of the country.
The Electrical Regulatory Authorities Council (ERAC) is the regulatory body of electrical safety regulators in New Zealand. ERAC ensures electrical safety regulatory systems are contemporary and harmonized wherever possible.
There is a national database where all suppliers and certain types of equipment must be registered prior to being offered for sale.
Product categories which fall under the scope of the Safety approval are:
Greater than 50 V AC RMS or 120V ripple-free DC (Extra-low voltage)
Less than 1000V AC RMS or 1500V ripple-free DC (high voltage)
In-scope electrical equipment must be designed or marketed as suitable for household, personal or similar use.
Risk-based equipment is classified into 3 levels (Level 3, Level 2 and Level 1) with different requirements for each level.
Level 1 — low-risk devices
battery-powered LED torches
battery-powered pocket calculators
A battery-powered device is a device that is not capable of being connected, directly or indirectly, to an external power supply.
Level 2 — medium-risk devices — devices that are not high-risk devices.
video game consoles
mobile phone chargers
compact fluorescent lamps
Level 3 — high-risk devices
Induction heating equipment
Arc welding equipment
RF Welding equipment
Certificate of conformity is required for products of Level 3 along with the Equipment Declaration.
The RCM label must be placed on a product.
Telecom approval — Telepermit
Equipment that is to be connected to the Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN) in New Zealand requires a Telepermit from the network operator Spark New Zealand. Spark New Zealand also has technical standards that govern end-to-end communication characteristics of certain types of systems. Telepermits are typically issued based on review of test reports to demonstrate compliance with New Zealand standards.
The Telepermit is granted by either the Access Standards team or the Mobile team to the applicant when the product meets the PTC and TNA Specifications.
The applicant must be a New Zealand company.
When the Access Standards or Mobile teams are assured that the test results and the product meet the PTC/TNA specifications and all other requirements are met, a Telepermit may be granted. This grant includes provision of the Telepermit label artwork showing the allocated PTC number.
Wireless and EMC approval
The Radio Spectrum Management (RSM) acts as a regulatory body.
All the companies who make or supply electrical, electronic, or radio products to the New Zealand market must ensure their products comply with the established framework. RSM’s product standard framework is based on the principle of supplier self-declaration. Suppliers must take responsibility for the products they place on the market, whether they are imported or domestically produced.
RSM’s product compliance framework applies to all electrical and electronic products, and most radio transmitters. The key components of the framework are:
Evidence of conformity with prescribed standards
Supplier’s Declaration of Conformity (SDoC)
Product labeling with the RCM compliance mark or New Zealand radio label (R-NZ)
Products are classified into 3 levels depending on the degree of impact of its interfering emissions to devices.
Energy Efficiency approvals
The Energy Efficiency and Conservation Authority (EECA) is the regulatory body that gathers information, offers advice or help for manufacturers, importers, and retailers with meeting their requirements, and monitors compliance.
Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) specify the minimum level of energy performance that appliances, lighting, and electrical equipment must meet or exceed before they can be offered for sale or used for commercial purposes.
MEPS are mandatory for a range of products in New Zealand. These products must be registered through an online register and meet a number of legal requirements before they can be sold.
The Energy Rating Label (ERL) provides consumers with energy performance information at point-of-sale on a range of products that are regulated under the Greenhouse and Energy Minimum Standards (GEMS) Act 2012. The ERL helps consumers to compare between similar product models through comparing their Star Rating and estimated annual energy consumption. More stars means more efficiency when compared to other models of the same size. The relevant product standard describes requirements for the label design and format.
A range of products are required under the GEMS Act to display an Energy Rating Label (ERL) at their point of sale in New Zealand, for example:
Air Conditioners (single phase)
Computer monitors, etc.
The information has been prepared by the GMA Consult Group team.
GMA Consult Group provides a full cycle of international type approval and global market access services for IT, Telecom and industrial electrical products in all countries throughout the world. With proven expertise in worldwide regulations, compliance, certification, and conformity assessment, GMA Consult Group can help your company speed up the access to any market with almost zero efforts from your side.
Need your own guide to the world of certification and approvals? Don't hesitate to contact us via firstname.lastname@example.org.