Manufacturers and importers should take into consideration that the Directive 2009/48/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of June 18, 2009 on the safety of toys is amended with regard to the limit value for Chromium VI and harmonized standards.
The European Commission adopted these amendments and published two relevant documents:
The Directive (EU) 2018/725 amends, for the purpose of adaptation to technical and scientific developments, point 13 of part III of Annex II to Directive 2009/48/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on the safety of toys, as regards Chromium VI that becomes effective from 18th November 2019
The Commission implements Decision (EU) 2019/1728 on harmonised standards for toys drafted in support of Directive 2009/48/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council that was published on 16th October 2019.
The Directive (EU) 2018/725 is worked out based on different scientific researches with regards to the oral cancer potency of Chromium VI and sets a limit value for Chromium VI in scraped-off toy material.
It was decided to limit this value at half of those considered safe by the relevant Scientific Committee. Thus, it helps to ensure that only traces that are compatible with good manufacturing practice are present.
Starting from the middle of November, the concentration of Chromium (VI) should not exceed 0,053 mg/kg in scraped-off toy material that is actually almost six times lower than the lowest concentration that can be reliably quantified with the test method in the standard.
In this regard, it was decided to modify test methods in order to carry out reliable measures.
This task was implemented by the European Committee for standardisation (CEN) in EN 71-3:2019 “Safety of toys - Part 3: Migration of certain elements”. The revised test method listed in this standard will allow to measure the concentration of Chromium (VI) up to 0,0025 mg/kg.
The harmonised standard EN 71-3:2019 replaces harmonised standard EN 71-3:2013+A3:2018. However, in order to give toy manufacturers sufficient time to adapt their products to the revised specifications in harmonised standard EN 71-3:2019, it was decided to defer the withdrawal of the reference of harmonised standard EN 71-3:2013+A3:2018.
According to the decision (EU) 2019/1728 the standard EN 71-3:2013+A3:2018 will be repealed from April 15, 2020.
The new list of harmonised standards for toys drafted in support of Directive 2009/48/EC is available here.
The information has been prepared by the GMA Consult Group team.
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