EU Updates Requirements for Migration of Dangerous Substances from Toys

July 31, 2019


European Committee for standardization (CEN) published EN 71-3 “Safety of toys - Part 3: Migration of certain elements” in April 2019. However, its announcement was planned for late July. The main goal of this standard is to minimize the risk of dangerous substances that children could get from toys.


This standard specifies requirements and test methods for the migration of the following chemical elements from toys:


  • aluminium

  • antimony

  • arsenic

  • barium

  • boron

  • cadmium

  • chromium (III)

  • chromium (VI)

  • cobalt

  • copper

  • lead

  • manganese,

  • mercury

  • nickel

  • selenium

  • strontium

  • tin

  • organic tin

  • zinc


The EN 71-3 Standard divides toys materials into three categories and specifies the requirements and test methods for the migration of above-mentioned elements from each category. According to the EN 71-3 categories of toys materials are the following: 


  • Category I: Dry, brittle, powder like or pliable materials

  • Category II: Liquid or sticky materials

  • Category III: Scraped-off materials


This EN 71-3- 2019 standard replaces the existing 2013 version. Both versions are based on the Directive 2009/48/EC on the Safety of Toys.


The main changes apply to testing methods and include the following: 


  • New method for Cr (VI)

  • Modified method for organic tin compounds

  • Verified method for filtration


The information has been prepared by the GMA Consult Group team.


GMA Consult Group provides a full cycle of international type approval and global market access services for IT, Telecom and industrial electrical products in all countries throughout the world. With proven expertise in worldwide regulations, compliance, certification, and conformity assessment, GMA Consult Group can help your company speed up the access to any market with almost zero efforts from your side.


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