All the electrical and R&TT products imported to Colombia must comply with all applicable technical standards and requirements. The Colombian Government publishes technical regulations and standards through the Diario Oficial (Official Gazette).
Colombian regulatory bodies are:
1. The Ministry of Information Technologies and Communications (MINTIC) — the entity that is responsible for designing, adopting, and promoting the policies, plans, programs, and projects of the sector of Information Technologies and Communications.
2. The Commission of Regulation of Communications (CRC) is the telecommunications regulating body in Colombia and regulates markets of networks and communications services. The CRC is the branch of the Ministry of Information Technologies and Communications.
3. The National Agency of the Spectrum (ANE) is a Special Administrative Unit of the national order affiliated to MINTIC and aimed at providing technical support for the management and at planning, monitoring, and control of the radio frequency spectrum.
• Law 1341 of 2009 which defines principles and concepts of the information society and outlines organization of the Ministry of Information Technologies and Communications and creation of the National Agency of Spectrum and other provisions
• Resolution CRT 087 of 1997 which regulates in a comprehensive way services of Public Switched Telephone Network in Colombia
• Resolution 4507 of 2014 CRC that modifies Resolution 087 of 1997;
• Resolution 5050 of 2016 CRC that modifies Resolutions in force issued by the CRC
• Resolution CRC 5322 of 2018 that modifies criteria related to fixed-mobile calls in the mobile number portability environment in Colombia
• CIRCULAR 60 of 2007 CRT - Technical Standards and requirements for approval of fixed-line telephones, satellite, cellular, etc.
• Resolution ANE 711 of 2016 establishes the Frequency Bands of Free use within the national territory, etc.
The following product categories are subject to homologation:
• fixed phones or wireless fixed phones
• satellite communication devices
• mobile terminals (devices with IMEI)
According to Resolution 5050 of 2016 CRC starting from February 1st, 2018, all terminal equipment using mobile bands requires to be homologated.
Homologation is a procedure, which helps CRC verify that imported devices comply with the minimum requirements of technical standards and prevent problems or interruptions in communications within the country. Colombian Government establishes measures and controls against the illegal market of mobile phones and combat the crime of theft of mobile phones in the country. To achieve this goal, Colombia establishes the procedure of registration of mobile equipment.
CRC maintains the register of the telecommunication terminal equipment that has been homologated and publishes on its web site. It includes information corresponding to the brand, model, code approval, and the frequency bands in Colombia approved for this device. An applicant submits a set of documents to the CRC for each model of a product to obtain the Homologation letter or, for those products exempted from homologation, No-Homologation letter to avoid any issues with Customs.
All equipment that has IMEI and using mobile bands requires to be homologated. Equipment that operates in Colombian mobile bands AWS 1700/2100 MHz, y/o 2500 MHz won’t require homologation by CRC with exception when equipment has IMEI number.
The Homologation letter provided by CRC is the document that proves the compliance of the R&TT product with the existing requirements.
No-Homologation letter provided by CRC is the document that allows avoiding any issues with Customs.
An applicant for R&TTE approval can be a manufacturer, its representative or an importer of the R&TT equipment, as well as telecom operators and users in Colombia.
If a brand and a model of telecommunication equipment have been approved once by CRC it doesn’t require to be homologated again. Homologation covers all batch of this equipment.
All equipment that does not pass homologation will enter the list of phones registered in a special database. Since May 1st, 2017, CRC and the telephone companies started to block devices with no approval.
The information has been prepared by the GMA Consult Group team.
GMA Consult Group provides a full cycle of international type approval and global market access services for IT, Telecom and industrial electrical products in all countries throughout the world. With proven expertise in worldwide regulations, compliance, certification, and conformity assessment, GMA Consult Group can help your company speed up the access to any market with almost zero efforts from your side.
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