Near Field Communications (NFC) is a short-range high frequency wireless communication technology that enables the exchange of data between devices over about a 10 cm distance. NFC is an upgrade of the existing proximity card standard (RFID) that combines the interface of a smartcard and a reader into a single device.
Just like Bluetooth and WiFi, and all types of other wireless signals, NFC works on the principle of sending information over radio waves. The technology used in NFC is based on older RFID (Radio-frequency identification) ideas, which uses electromagnetic induction in order to transmit information.
NFC is now mainstream. The number of tablets and smartphones with NFC technology is growing fast, but so are the questions surrounding it. You’ve probably heard about Apple Pay, the digital wallet for the iPhone, Apple Watch, and other products that is making its way into hundreds of thousands of stores and online retailers.
Like many wired and wireless communication technologies, the rules for use of NFC technology in Russia are regulated by the national requirements.
Russian Federal Agency of Communications order #68 dated March 15, 2015 is the official document that regulates the rules of use of the NFC technology built into the smartphones and tablets. Transmission and reception of an auxiliary NFC device is carried out via central frequency of 13.56 MHz:
The order determinates the rules of use of the NFC modules in mobile devices with any combination of these cellular communications: GSM 900/1800, UMTS 900/2100, LTE, IMT-MC.
The use of radio and telecom products are regulated by the requirements of Federal Agency of Communication (FAC). All smartphones and tablets with NFC modules are subject to Russian National Telecom approval. Required approval type - FAC Declaration.
At the same time, if the product (smartphone, tablet...) does not include cellular communication modules (GSM 900/1800, UMTS 900/2100, LTE, IMT-MC) - it is yet not possible to approve the NFC function alone via the FAC Declaration.
Information has been prepared by the GMA Consult Group team.